The current cycle of enterprise ICT technology refreshes provides a wealth of opportunities and challenges for both companies and government agencies. Service-oriented architectures’ potential for that allow for collaboration, interoperability and continuous operations is a enticing result of technology and business models that are available today. The issues are more closely related to processes in the business and human elements and both require changes to organizational structures in order to make the most of collaborative environment that is enabled by the cloud computing as well as access to broadband communication.
Getting the most value from creating an interoperable environment for organizations and governments can be made easier by using cloud computing. Cloud computing and the underlying technology could create an operational environment which supports many strategic goals being considered in government as well as private sector companies.Microsoft Teams
The process of achieving targets for capabilities and architectures is not a one-time event it requires an understanding of the current “as-is” capability baselines, requirements for the target and the gaps or capabilities that needed to meet the target and the creation of a clearly defined process to transition the company from an “as-is” base point to a desired goals.microsoft ecosystem Integration Partner
To be able to achieve this objective, it is necessary to understand the many contributing elements within the transformative ecosystem. Additionally, planners must be aware that the objective is not the implementation of new technologies instead of focusing on technologies that are needed to support the vision of operations and business process visions and objectives.
interoperability as well as Enterprise Architecture
Information technology, particularly communications-enabled technology has enhanced business process, education, and the quality of life for millions around the world. But, historically ICT has resulted in data silos that are seldom interoperable or integrated with other systems of data or sources.
As the field of modeling and developing enterprise architecture the service-oriented architecture, as well as interoperability frameworks are continuing to challenge the problem of reuse and integration of data, ICT developers are looking to improve open standards and allow the publication of external interfaces as well as APIs for applications.
Cloud computing, which is a fast evolving framework for virtualization that is based on standardized applications, data and interface structure technology provides a variety of tools for the creation of interoperable and integrated ICT resources within companies as well as within those who trade, share or collaborative workflow communities.
The Institute for Enterprise Architecture Development defines enterprise architecture (EA) as an “complete embodiment of the business as a masterplan that serves as a coordinating force between various aspects of business planning like goals, objectives, visions, strategies and governance concepts; the facets of business operations, such as organizational structures, business terms processes, and data; aspects of automation, such as databases and information systems; and the technology infrastructure that supports the operation of the company, including operating systems, computers and networks”
ICT, such as applications like cloud computing, should be focused on supporting the overall goals of the organizations that are implementing an EA. Shared or non-interoperable data are generally less valuable than data that can be reused, and it will significantly increase system reliability and integrity of data.
Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery (BCDR)
Recent studies of government agencies around all over the world have shown in the majority of instances inadequate or no plans for disaster or continuity planning. The chance of losing vital national information resources due to natural or human-made disasters is very high and the capacity of the majority of governments to maintain the services of citizens and government during an emergency is dependent on the length of time (recovery time objective or RTO) needed for restarting government services and also the point of data restorative (recovery point objective/RPO).
In current ICT environments, specifically those that have organizational and data storage silos RTOs or RPOs may be extended for an indefinite period when a backup of data plan, along with services and capacity for resource restorative are not available. This is especially true if the processing environment is comprised of old mainframe applications that are not mirrored to have recovery capacity in the event of interruption or loss of service as a result of a disaster.
Cloud computing provides an environment that’s standard-based and meets almost no RTO/RPO requirements. Due to the limitations in cloud computing to be built on Intel-compatible architectures, almost any software or data source could be transformed to an online resource pool. When you are in the cloud computing Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) environment the process of setting up the capacity for backup or distributed processing is fairly simple, provided that the cloud computing environment is equipped with sufficient broadband connectivity to the user as well as between processing facilities.
Cloud computing enabled BCDR also offers possibilities for the development of PPPs or outsourcing possibilities to cloud computing services that are commercially or publicly operated computing computing, storage, as well as communications networks. Another issue is the need for portability between different systems.
Modernization of ICT will bring about changes in all businesses. The readiness for transformation is not just something that is solely dependent on technology, but rather a blend of factors , such as rapidly changing businesses, the necessity for multiple-to-many real-time communication and the flattening of organizational structures and the continuing integration of tech and communication experienced workers into workforce.
The possibility outsourcing of the utility of computing storage, applications and communications will remove the need for physical infrastructures, including outdated or redundant servers and data centers. The roles will change with the anticipated shift to move from physically-based data centres as well as ICT enable hardware, to virtual model that are based upon subscriptions, catalogs, and applications that can be reused as well as process-related artifacts.
A model of business for achieving ICT modernization is cloud computing, which is based on technology like server and storage virtualization of resources, and adds operational attributes like rapid resource provisioning, which can cut the time needed to purchase ICT resources required to meet the demands of new business or operational opportunities.
Management of IT and Service Operations are moving from a traditional workstation to an interface for users driven by SaaS. The competencies required to run ICT within an company will have to be redesigned towards being more integrated with the business and reducing the requirement to manage complicated individual workstations.
IT departments will have to evolve, as companies might decide to outsource a large portion, or even all infrastructure for their data centers to cloud service providers, whether in a private or public environment. This may eliminate the need for certain jobs, and create the need for new skills associated with the provisioning of cloud resources, managing and development.
Managers of business units may be able to make use of other advantages that cloud computing offers, such as access to compute on demand storage, storage, and application development tools. This can increase their ability to respond quickly to changing market conditions as well as other new opportunities. Managers of the business unit as well as product designers and sales teams will have to familiarize themselves with new ICT tools for support. Every position including sales managers, project manager and more are expected to be able to quickly learn the skills needed to utilize this new tool.
Its Role of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing represents a representation of a variety of technology underlying. This includes virtualization, development environments and hosted applications cloud computing offers a foundation to create standardized model of service, models for deployment and characteristics of service delivery.
The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) offers the definition of cloud computing that is accepted by all sectors of across the ICT industry.
“Cloud computing” is the method to provide ubiquitous, efficient online access to a resource pool of computing resources that can be configured that can be swiftly created and released with little administration effort or service provider interaction. “
As organizations make decisions to the implementation of challenges in creating corporate architectures as well as interoperability cloud computing continues to rapidly evolve as a platform that offers an array of computing and communication tools, as well as standardization, development, and collaboration tools required to achieve organizational goals.
Security of data, including privacy, is different in cloud computing environments, since the possibilities for data sharing increases within the internal as well as external organizations. Security issues are heightened when concerns about multi-tenancy of the infrastructure, access to hosted apps (Software as a Service / SaaS) and the governance of authorization and authentication pose questions about the end-user’s confidence in the cloud service provider.
The move to cloud computing is typically linked to data center consolidation initiatives both within governments as well as large companies. Cloud delivery models like Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS) help to develop virtual data centers.